Home Lighting Design Guide


2nd June, 2018
Lighting plays a significant role in human wellbeing, it can set the mood from early morning to late evening. Lighting is also a great way to define a space or how the space will be used, in fact, it’s possible to entirely recreate a space just by changing the lighting fixtures.

We know very well how important is to chose the right lights for your home and how confusing it can be choosing between the myriad options available. Below we've outlined some of the key things to keep in mind when choosing the right lighting for your home.

1. Top Quality

When it comes to quality, LED lighting is the best option available on the market. They are top quality when compared to any other type of lighting, for several reasons. Firstly they last for a far longer duration than any other lighting type, up to 50.000 hours. The reason behind is because they make use of heat sinks, to remove heat away from the fragile internal components. As a result, the lumen takes a much longer amount of time to degrade.

Secondly, LED lights are energy efficient as they use up to 90% less energy than any other lighting type, of the same brightness. In long term, this can save you around 75-80% on your electricity bill. LED lighting can not only help you save money and time but also very importantly they contribute to saving our environment by their longevity and no need for often replacement.

2. Planning Ahead

Whenever you are building a dream home or renovating existing it is very important to plan ahead and incorporate lights before or at least in beginning of the building process. At minimum you should have suitable wiring available for connection. No one would like to break walls and celling to add wiring for your light fixture when they are plastered.
We also advise taking into consideration dimmers for the rooms where you wish to adjust the lights, as well as incorporate bathroom night lights and stairs lights.
Before you decide on your light fixing and their position its important to consider:

1) How much light do you necessary per room? this will include ceiling light as well as additional task lights.
2) Do the light need to be on all the time / can it be dimmable?
3) Do you wish to have sensor light ?
4) Is the light directed downlight or perhaps directed onto certain area?
5) What accent and task lights you wish to have?
6) What energy savings can be made? is it possible to install lower wattage bulbs or restricting time when light is on?
7) What tone of light you prefer? Residential light tends to have daylight or warm tones than lighting used in commercial properties.

3. Accent, Feature and Pendant Lights


Those type of lighting is very important to every home as it creates a particular ambience, relaxing mood, soft glow or allow us to perform a task in a specific area, therefore its very important to aim for a perfect balance of finish, style, size, and colour temperature. Again we hardly advise adding dimmer switches to help adjust the mood of each room, especially in dining and entertainment areas.

Accent or feature lighting guides the eye and creates points of interest around the room – it also adds to the overall light level when combined with the main lighting.

Pendant lights are a great example how to combine wow-factor when people walk into kitchen and practicality of daily use of the space. Pendant light can be also a fabulous statement above the dining table and styles range from industrial shapes, shiny chandeliers, modern trendy copper metal to striking glass multi bulbs. They can also look fantastic overhanging your bathroom mirror or over the bathtub. Slightly smaller pendant light over the side table in the living room can create additional soft and relaxing atmosphere or highlight your designer piece.
A lot of kitchens manufactures add now under cabinet lights, cabinet top lights or even interior cabinet lighting which turns nice dishes, fine china, glassware and stemware into a focal point. Another accent lighting might consist of lighting on shelving, in cupboards or in niches in your bespoke made furniture. Lights built into the plinth of a central island gives a gentle wash of light across the floor to make the island look like it’s floating, while a run of LED lights under the rim of an island worktop makes this is an inviting space to be drawn to, especially if there are bar stools here.

Shelves lights can add an indirect softness and at the same time create a feature in the room. Here are my top shelf lighting tips and ideas to help you create a “window” effect in your room.
Recessed with small miniature downlights to create more interesting lighting effects and highlight a favourite object, they can be used not only in furniture but also in bathrooms.
Good bathroom lighting can completely change the look and feel of a bathroom and atmosphere. LED strip light in niches or back-light an opaque bath panel can create a feeling of intimacy.This can be also colour changing for colour-therapy. Many of new shower head fitted directly into the celling come with multi -colour LED lights. If you decide to have one that the IP rating of the fitting is appropriate to the “zone” it is located in.

For example, lights fitted inside a shower will require a higher IP rating than general overhead lighting. Think about feature lighting to create dramatic atmosphere: around bathtub , alternatively use an LED strip under a basin. Around the mirror is the obvious area for task lighting. It is most flattering when the face is lit evenly from either side.
Great ideas is to add sensor night lights to your bathroom on a different circuits, it will allow to use the bathroom in the night without need of switching main lights. For a luxury experience in your bathroom, you can create more impact with your favourite lighting scenes at the touch of a button with automatic control system.

Another areas where you should consider lights are hallways and staircases. They can be narrow and dark, however installing correct light they can become a great the first impression and enhance the whole house. There are several ways to light up your staircase or hall and lighting can make a huge difference to overall space. You can use traditional wall lights, low recessed stair lights or to create a series of niches with small pointing spot lights where you can also light up your shower pieces. However the best way is to combine multiply layered schemes. The underside of staircases are often dark forgotten spaces so don’t forget to add lighting under the stairs too. For more contemporary open raiser staircase you can install light under each step, this will illuminate a wonderful soft floating effect of light.
Bedrooms, dressing room and walking wardrobes certainly are the most personalised areas in the home. The challenge is to get the those ooms lighting right and key to its success is to introduce a few layers of lights. When lighting your bedroom, the most import after the central lighting are bedside lamp and desk lights, they not only provide a soft intermediate light but also are very practical in use. However they might not be sufficient to read , therefore we advise to invest in additional reading light, witch will allow better direct stream of light while reading, without disturbing your partner in sleeping.
There are a few other ways to add accent lights into your bedroom : discreet lights highlighting your wardrobe doors, lights incorporate under your floating bedside table or even LED back lights fitted into your headboard producing a soft glow on beautiful design wallcovering.

Nothing can be add to luxurious of your walk in wardrobe or your dressing room than glamour of a pendant installed in the centre or above the island. This creates a focus and an alternative source of light to balance the directional down-lights.

Another way to introducing an additional layer of light which adds extra softness to the space if you have cupboards do not go to the ceiling, add an uplight such as an led strip from the top. This will allow you to create a bright light for during the day or, when dimmed, a warm glow at high level. If your dressing room also has a dressing table, you will need some excellent task lighting to ensure that you can see to put your make up on. If you planing to have fitted wardrobe why not to consider and internal light sensor operated? This will gives a good focus on clothing only when you really need it.

4. Natural Lighting

We all forget about how important and beneficial for our well being is natural lighting, also more sunlight in your home, the less electricity it has to use. to bring more natural lights you should think about position and size of the windows. Beside traditional windows and doors, there are now so many options available on the market, such as: roof windows, windows for flat roofs Skylights, sun tunnels , french doors , garden sliding doors, wall to ceiling windows, which all of them will help flood your home with beneficial daylight, so try to have them as many as possible.

Rooms that take advantage of big windows, can use natural lights as centrepieces of the design. Ideal are floor to ceiling windows that help the lights bounce off surfaces, giving you a bright and functional space for your practical room.

Skylights allow you to create large areas with direct access to open sky. This creates a wonderful sense of space all around and invites beautiful daylight into places where you never thought possible.
If your roof window have to be placed out-of-reach or if you want ultimate comfort, the remote controlled roof window could be the answer. They can come with a touchscreen control pad so you can control the window and blinds. Once you decide on windows and doors options, you start planning internal and external lights.
Remember that making the natural light a part of your everyday life will have you more energetic by day ahead and a better nights sleep.

5. External lights

External lights are as well important as your internal lights as they not only require suitable wiring and connection, but there are a few very important factors need to be consider before initialling them.
For lighting proposed in a residential area, when planning you should think how the light will affect other people leaving near you and what it be an amount of lighting appropriate on your direct neighbour’s property.

You should consider if the lights need to be on all the time for security reason or can they be connected to sensors or timer. Also where sensors are used to trigger lights, how can they be set to avoid accidental triggering. External lights for residential properties generally do not require planning permission however they should chosen correctly for its intended use and positioned in way that should not be upsetting others or disturb animals co-living near by.

There are many ways to create a pleasant atmosphere for your outdoor space such as: gardens, patios, swimming pools or garden houses. Good external lighting combines fixed lighting elements together with flexible spoked elements that can be rearranged to light seasonal plants.

When lighting outside living spaces with fixed lights, make sure the wall lights complement rather than detract from the lighting in the rest of the exterior.

Wall mounted lights up/down lights can give more dramatic look or use of wall lanterns can give a soft solution. You can also install lights directly into decking or patio tiles, this will help reduces the risk of anyone tripping.
To create a sensual atmosphere around for your outdoor space try to build recesses into your external wall with lights fixed inside.

Another wonderful light idea for your outdoor space can be water features with simple underwater spotlight or finer optics within water jest to create magical effec and patters reflecting on surrounding areas.
And don’t forget that darkness can also be used to great effect – to hide any less attractive areas.

Contact Us
Tel: 0773 966 7824 | info@karoandco-interiors.com

  Follow Us On Instagram Here: Karo & Co Interiors